June 25th – TKTS

1973

Today in 1973, the Theatre Development Fund (a non-profit organisation designed to aid the struggling New York theatre business) opening the first discount ticket booth in New York City.

The First TKTS booth in NYC

The First TKTS booth in NYC

Broadway was a very different place in the 1960s and 1970s. Musicals were losing popularity, fewer people could afford the legitimate theatre and the area around Times Square saw more cheap cinemas and sex shops than long-running extravaganzas. In the 1920’s there were 70-80 theatres in the Broadway area, by 1969 there were just 36.

In the historic Duffy Square, part of the Times Square district, the TKTS booth opened after being built with a budget of just $5000, offering same day tickets discounted by up to 50%

Forty years later they have sold over 58 million tickets to theatregoers and recently underwent a major renovation and rebuild, this time costing closer to $19 million.

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June 23rd – London Assures

1970

As the story goes, Trevor Nunn spotted two young lovers among a cast of actors getting off a plane returning from Australia.

He liked the look of them so much that he cast them as the romantic leads in the Royal Shakespeare Company’s revival of Dion Boucicault’s “London Assurance” which opened today in 1970 at the Aldwych Theatre.

The show itself, directed by Ronald Eyre, was a huge success – transferring first to the New Theatre and then Broadway’s Palace Theatre.

And the young lovers?  Judi Dench and Michael Williams, who got married eight months later in February 1971.

Judi Dench & Michael Williams in the 1970 production of London Assurance

Judi Dench & Michael Williams in the 1970 production of London Assurance

May 23rd – Larson’s Legacy

2002

At tonight’s Outer Critics Circle Awards, the musical “tick..tick..Boom!” written by Jonathan Larson wins for Outstanding Off Broadway Musical, eight years after his death.

Jonathan Larson who died in 1996, aged 35

Jonathan Larson who died in 1996, aged 35

Larson, noted for writing about social issues such as homophobia, racism and addition, was the genius behind the musical phenomenon “Rent”, a modern re-working of “La Boheme” set in New York.

“tick…tick…Boom!” is largely autobiographical and Larson started performing it as a solo piece in 1990. He died on the morning that “Rent” was to open off-Broadway in 1996 and shortly afterwards it was revised by playwright David Auburn as a three-hander and premiered in 2001.

It has since been performed all over the US and in London.

Larson has posthumously received three Tony Awards, two Drama Desk awards and the Pulitzer Prize for Drama.

March 29th – Brynner and the King

1951

Today marked the opening of the new Broadway musical adapted from the 1944 novel by Margaret Landon, “The King and I”.

Yul Brynner & Gertrude Lawrence in the original 1951 production of The King & I

Yul Brynner & Gertrude Lawrence in the original 1951 production of The King & I

Starring theatrical icon Gertrude Lawrence, whose health was already deteriorating (she would die less than 18 months later of cancer), and a less well known theatre actor named Yul Brynner.

Composer Richard Rodgers described Brynner’s audition:

“He came out…and sat cross-legged on the stage. He had a guitar and he hit his guitar one whack and gave out with this unearthly yell and sang some heathenish sort of thing, and Oscar and I looked at each other and said, “Well, that’s it.”

Brynner was horrified at being instructed to shave his already thinning hair but this quickly became his trademark look for the rest of his life.

He went on to play the role of King Mongkut no less than 4625 times with many different Anna’s until 1985 and on film with Deborah Kerr.

May 10th – Astor Place Riots

1849

One of the biggest riots in the history of New York City occurred today at the Astor Opera House leaving at least 25 dead and more than 120 injured.

The nominal cause of the riot was the rivalry between two Shakespearean actors and their followers. British star William Charles Macready was already called the greatest Shakespearean of his generation and his followers were amongst the well-heeled of society. Edwin Forrest was one of the first American-born home-grown theatre stars.

"As one window after another cracked, the pieces of bricks and paving stones rattled in on the terraces and lobbies, the confusion increased, till the Opera House resembled a fortress besieged by an invading army rather than a place meant for the peaceful amusement of civilized community."  - New York Tribune

“As one window after another cracked, the pieces of bricks and paving stones rattled in on the terraces and lobbies, the confusion increased, till the Opera House resembled a fortress besieged by an invading army rather than a place meant for the peaceful amusement of civilized community.” – New York Tribune

Their rivalry was set against the backdrop of growing antipathy between America and Britain, often uniting the working and immigrant communities in their common hatred.

The American theatre’s need to prove its cultural prowess was centred around trying to “do” Shakespeare better than the English. On Macready’s second tour of the US, Forrest had taken to following him around the country and often staging the same play on the same night. Three nights before the riot, Macready’s performance of Macbeth had been pelted by rotten vegetables by Forrest’s supporters. After much persuasion he agreed to play the role again.

On the 10th May, handbills were given out asking “SHALL AMERICANS OR ENGLISH RULE THIS CITY?” and by curtain up more than 10,000 people swarmed the streets around the theatre pelting it with rocks. They tried and failed to set fire to the theatre and inside the audience were in a state of siege. In panic the authorities called out the troops who eventually opened fire on the crowd killing and injuring many innocent bystanders.

May 7th – “On the Waterfront” is Not a Contender.

1995

On the Waterfront 1995 Playbill

On the Waterfront 1995 Playbill

Today the troubled Broadway production of “On the Waterfront” closed after just 16 previews and 8 performances.

It seemed doomed from the start as costs escalated to near $3 million after a huge amount of re-writes on Budd Schulberg’s already re-written script. There was a last minute change of director and not one but two of the key actors.

And if that weren’t enough actor Jerry Grayson suffered a heart attack on-stage during  the final preview. Audience watched in silence as he was resuscitated by a doctor from the house.

Fortunately Grayson survived but the same could not be said for the production. Despite some fine performances, including from Ron Eldard who played Marlon Brando’s iconic role of Terry Malloy, the show never seemed to come out of the long shadow cast by the 1954 film version and it closed after 8 performances.

March 17th – Dear Liar

1960

Opening today in New York at the Billy Rose Theatre is “Dear Liar” – a play based on the fiercely passionate, yet unconsummated, relationship between Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw and English stage actress Mrs Patricia Campbell.

Mrs Patricia Campbell as Eliza Doolittle

Mrs Patricia Campbell as Eliza Doolittle

Written by Jerome Kilty and starring Brian Aherne and Katharine Cornell, the play is based on Shaw and Campbell’s prolific letter writing.

Despite having already been his muse in several instances, the pair did not meet until 1897 and in 1912, while negotiations were underway for her to star as Eliza Doolittle in “Pygmalion” (a role he had written especially for her despite her age of 49 when it debuted), Shaw developed an intense infatuation which resulted in a love affair of great passion.

When she ended things in shortly before rehearsals for “Pygmalion” commenced, they remained friends however Shaw forbade an impoverished Campbell in later years from selling or publishing any of their letters, except heavily edited, for fear of upsetting his wife.

“Dear Liar” had a successful run in New York and has been revived many times.

“I want my dark lady. I want my angel. I want my tempter. I want my Freia with her apples. I want the lighter of my seven lamps of beauty, honour, laughter, music, love, life and immortality. I want my inspiration, my folly, my happiness, my divinity, my madness, my selfishness, my final sanity and sanctification, my transfiguration, my purification, my light across the sea, my palm across the desert, my garden of lovely flowers, my million nameless joys, my day’s wage, my night’s dream, my darling and my star.” – George Bernard Shaw in a letter to Campbell, publ. in “George Bernard Shaw: Man of the Century” by Archibald Henderson